Bonsai Tree for Beginners

Bonsai is the art of growing miniature trees in a pot. These are cute and cool for display, but they take a lot of patience. Here, you will learn to make a bonsai.


• Select a suitable species of tree for your climate. Not all bonsai thrive or grow in every climate. Juniper, pine, cedar, oak, and elm are good choices for beginners.


• Decide where you want to display your bonsai. For a bonsai that will be kept inside, you can use a Ficus, Gardenia, Camellia, or Kingsville boxwood. For outdoor display, good choices include juniper, cypress, cedar, maple, or birch.


• For a good bonsai, you must choose a pot that restricts growth but holds enough soil. When you water your tree, it should absorb moisture from the soil through its roots.


• When you buy a tree sapling, you need to take care of it so that it is in tip-top shape when the time for repotting comes. Repotting is transplanting the tree into another pot. You can reduce watering a few days before repotting because working with dry and loose soil is easier.


• Remove the tree from its current pot and gently clear soil from its roots. Make sure not to break or tear its main stem.


• If the growth is not efficiently controlled, bonsai trees can outgrow their pots. To ensure your bonsai tree remains manageable, prune its roots when you pot it. Cut any large, thick roots and any roots that can move upwards, leaving a network of long and slender roots that will reside near the topsoil. Water is absorbed through the root tips, so, in a small container, many thin root strands can absorb water better.


• For a good bonsai, you need good soil. Organic compost can contain humus, dead plant debris, and potting soil. The combinations below by David Lieu on Dengarden are as follows:


• Finally, take care of the plant and watch it grow into a stout, tiny tree. For 2–3 weeks after re-potting your tree, leave it in a semi-shaded area that is protected from the wind and direct sunlight. Water the plant. Don’t use fertilizer until the roots have adjusted themselves in this new soil.

Copyright @smorescience. All rights reserved. Do not copy, cite, publish, or distribute this content without permission.

Join 20,000+ parents and educators
To get the FREE science newsletter in your inbox!