Scientific Name For Rose

Usually, we associate the color red with roses. However, roses come in many colors, ranging from maroon to yellow, pink, and even white.  Around 360 species of roses have been identified across the temperate region of the Northern Hemisphere. Apart from being a visual treat, roses have a sweet fragrance. Rosa is a genus within the rose family, also called Rosaceae.  The scientific name for rose is Rosa rubiginosa. Rosa is the Latin word for roses, hence the name.

This blog will explore the taxonomic tree of roses and the general features they share across different species.

Rose 'Impératrice Farah'
Rose 'Impératrice Farah', Credit: Wikimedia/Alexey V. Kurochkin

Taxonomic tree of Rosa

A taxonomic tree can classify any organism based on its shared characteristics. The number of organisms with shared features gets tighter as we go down the taxonomic tree.

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Angiosperma

Class

Eudicot

Order 

Rosales

Family

Rosaceae

Genus

Rosa

Species

Rubiginosa

When roses pollinate, they may do so with different species, forming a hybrid. Around ten species of roses, mainly from Asia, have cross-pollinated between themselves. These hybrids have the characteristics of both parents. Some species of roses and their scientific names are listed below:

Pink rose

Rosa meldomonac

White rose

Rosa x alba

Yellow rose

Rosa hemisphaerica

Prickly wild rose

Rosa acicularis

Burnet rose

Rosa pimpinellifolia

General characteristics of roses

  1. Roses are woody perennial shrubs that fall under the Rosaceae family under the genus of
  2. Not all roses grow in the same way. While most species can grow erect, climbing roses (Rosa setigera) grow best by trailing fences and pillars.
  3. Roses are further divided into classic garden roses and modern roses.
  4. Classic garden roses bear larger flowers, while modern roses bear smaller flowers but have a sweet smell.
  5. Most roses have thorns or prickles on their stems. While no rose is 100% thorn-free some varieties have been bred to eliminate thorns. Some examples include:
    1. Bleu Magenta
    2. Chloris
    3. Goldfinch
    4. Hippolyte .

Uses of roses

  1. Roses are beautiful plants that can be used for ornamental purposes.
  2. These flowers are used in making perfumes and scents.
  3. Roses can be used to make syrups and jams.
  4. Roses have antibacterial properties and can be a source of various antioxidants.
  5. Rose petal tea can enhance bile production.

Fragrant roses have been seen to alleviate mood and produce a calming effect. The best part: they are easy to grow. Here is a guide to growing and catering to rose plants.

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